Mark J. Spoonamore, M.D.


Treatement Options

At, patients and health care providers are able to learn about spine anatomy, different spinal conditions, and the vast array of traditional and minimally invasive treatment options. We offer a full spectrum of spine information, ranging from simple, basic descriptions to up-to-date information from recent medical journal articles, so that you may learn as much as possible about the spine. We also have a number of graphics and video clips that can further assist your knowledge and understanding of the spine.

The treatment options listed to the left represent the various categories of spine treatments provided here at the USC Spine Center at Keck USC Hospital. Operative and nonoperative treatments are included. Each description is detailed and intended to provide patients and health care providers with an overview of applied anatomy, surgical technique, and outcome studies for each surgical treatment option.